Ruse offers a comprehensive description of the gaia hypothesis, the evolution of relevant scientific and philosophical thinking, and the background and affiliations of the major players, in particular james lovelock and lynn margulis. By james e lovelock and lynn margulis, published in tellus xxvi (1974) ''during the time, 32 x 10 9 years, that life has been present on earth, the physical and chemical conditions of most of the planetary surface have never varied from those most favourable for life. By james e lovelock, bowerchalke, nr salisbury, wilts england and lynn margulis, department of biology, boston university, 2, cummington street, boston, mass, usa. The originators of the hypothesis were james lovelock and lynn margulis lovelock is a british independent scientist and inventor with a background in human physiology margulis was, in the 1970's, a microbiologist at boston university. In reference to the gaia hypothesis, lynn margulis has been lovelock's principal collaborator for twenty-five years she is an expert on the role that microorganisms play in evolution in the late 1960's, at the same time that the gaia hypothesis was first being stated, margulis first put forward her creative theory of endosymbiosis.
The gaia hypothesis, also known as gaia james lovelock and co-developed by the microbiologist lynn margulis in the 1970s. Margulis was also the co-developer of the gaia hypothesis with the british chemist james lovelock, proposing that the earth functions as a single self-regulating system, and was the principal defender and promulgator of the five kingdom classification of robert whittaker. Margulis was also a champion of the gaia hypothesis, an idea developed in the 1970s by the free lance british atmospheric chemist james e lovelock the gaia hypothesis states that the atmosphere and surface sediments of the planet earth form a self- regulating physiological system — earth's surface is alive.
Now, the scientific hypothesis developed by lovelock in the 1960s, and then a few years later in collaboration with another equally controversial researcher, lynn margulis (1938-2011), has, in. The hypothesis was developed in the 1970's by james lovelock with lynn margulis images the study of planetary habitability is partly based upon extrapolation from knowledge of the earth 's conditions, as the earth is the only planet currently known to harbour life. I know margulis because of her work on the gaia hypothesis this is the idea that the earth itself acts as an organism it was originally an idea of james lovelock, which to him meant that the earth creates its own climate. Gaia theory- james lovelock and lynn margulis the gaia hypothesis, also known as gaia theory or gaia principle, proposes that organisms interact with their inorganic surroundings on earth to form a self-regulating, complex system that helps to maintain the conditions for life on the planet. The gaia theory was developed in the late 1960's by dr james lovelock, a british scientist and inventor, shortly after his work with nasa in determining that there was probably no life on mars his research led to profound new insights about life on earth.
Gaia hypothesis, model of the earth in which its living and nonliving parts are viewed as a complex interacting system that can be thought of as a single organism developed c 1972 largely by british chemist james e lovelock and us biologist lynn margulis, the gaia hypothesis is named for the greek earth. Lovelock wasn't alone in his attempts - he co-wrote a scientific paper on gaia with lynn margulis, another controversial figure in the world of science. In the new book, on gaia: a critical investigation of the relationship between life and earth, dr toby tyrrell analyzes 40-years of data for and against the gaia hypothesisdr james lovelock. Scientists debate gaia is a multidisciplinary reexamination of the gaia hypothesis, which was introduced by james lovelock and lynn margulis in the early 1970s the gaia hypothesis holds that earth's physical and biological processes are linked to form a complex, self-regulating system and that life has affected this system over time.
The gaia hypothesis the gaia hypothesis is a hypothesis that was developed by james lovelock and lynn margulis in the late 1970's james lovelock is a british scientist, an atmospheric chemist, and also an inventor with an education in human physiology. James lovelock and lynn margulis postulated in the early 1970s that life on earth activly keeps the surface conditions always favorable for whatever is the contemporary ensemble of organisms when introduced, this hypothesis was contrary to the conventional wisdom that life adapted to planetary conditions as it and they evolved in their. The gaia hypothesis strange mysteries put forward in the 1970's by chemist james lovelock and microbiologist lynn margulis also known as gaia theory, gaia principle or gaia used to hang out. The gaia theory: james lovelock & lynn margulis text adapted from direct pointing to real wealth: thomas j elpel's field guide to money as far as science can determine, life started on earth about 38 billion years ago. In this way, james lovelock and lynn margulis, independent and heretical authors of gaia, appear above all to be realists, conservatives and orderly, in comparison to the same established science or at the least to the more innovative and advanced interpretative criteria of reality.
James lovelock and lynn margulis coined the phrase the gaia hypothesis to suggest not only that life has a greater influence on the evolution of the earth than is typically assumed across most earth science disciplines but also that life serves as an active control system. Tags earth evolution gaia hypothesis james lovelock life lynn margulis sequoyah is a writer, music producer, and poor man's renaissance man based in providence, rhode island he spends his time researching weird history and thinking about the place where cosmic horror overlaps with disco.
Reviews and praise foreword reviews-best known for her work on the origins of eukaryotic cells, symbiogenesis as a force in evolution, and the gaia hypothesis, lynn margulis was a scientist whose lively spirit and frank opinions left behind an enduring legacy that's well worth remembering. In reference to the gaia hypothesis, lynn margulis has been lovelock's principal collaborator for twenty-five years she is an expert on the role that microorganisms play in evolution she is an expert on the role that microorganisms play in evolution.
The gaia hypothesis formulated by james lovelock in the late 1960s presents the notion that our planet is a single self-managing organism which regulates the conditions necessary for life after its publication in james lovelock's book gaia: a new look at life on earth it revolutionized the. James lovelock called his first proposal the gaia hypothesis but has also used the term gaia theory lovelock states that the initial formulation was based on observation, but still lacked a scientific explanation.